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Commonly-asked questions and troubleshooting tips



  • What is the difference between a Friction and Talon Baton?

    The Friction is an impact-closing weapon, meaning it must be collapsed by striking it on a hard surface. The Talon closes by depressing the button or end cap and pressing the tip into your hand or into an ASP scabbard. Talon batons should never be closed by striking on a hard surface—this may damage the precision components inside, and void the warranty.

  • Is an Airweight baton as effective as a Steel model?

    Airweight batons offer 45% weight reduction with 98% of the striking potential of steel.

  • What kind of baton training is available?

    ASP offers instructor certification programs at no charge, as a service to the law enforcement community. For a list of upcoming ASP Instructor Certification (AIC) programs, visit the AIC Class Schedule page.

  • Can I buy a baton?

    If you are not in the military police, law enforcement or licensed security, possession or use of an ASP Baton may be regulated or prohibited by law in some jurisdictions. If there is any question, check with your local police department. Buyers are responsible for knowing and adhering to all laws that may apply to the products purchased.

  • How do I know if a baton attachment is compatible with my baton?

    All attachments include either “F-Series” or “T-Series” in the description. F-Series attachments are compatible with Friction Loc Batons. T-Series attachments are compatible with Talon Batons. Attachments are not compatible with concealable batons such as the Protector or Agent.

  • What do I do if my Friction Baton opens too easily or will not stay closed?

    The retaining clip regulates the force required to extend the shafts of your ASP military Baton. Each clip is set at the factory to prevent unintentional opening.
    To allow the baton to open more easily, unscrew the baton cap from the handle and remove the retaining clip. Squeeze the sides of the clip closer together. Apply a light coating of oil to the inside of the smallest shaft. Reassemble the baton. If the baton opens too easily, reshape the clip so its sides are wider apart.

  • How do I retract my ASP Baton?

    If you have a Friction Baton, strike the tip of the baton sharply downward on a hard surface. Impact on a soft surface such as carpet or wooden floors may not release the shafts.
    If you have a Talon Baton, depress the release button or cap. Apply positive pressure on the tip until the baton is fully retracted. Do not strike the tip of the baton to close it. Placing the tip against a hand, leg or inside a scabbard provides sufficient resistance to retract the baton.

  • What do I do if my baton is stuck open?

    Start by making sure the retaining clip is not broken. If your Friction Baton is stuck open, hold the baton at an angle and tap the sides of the tip on a hard surface. This will usually help to release the shafts. Then close the baton straight up and down. Do not close the baton at an angle.
    If your Talon Baton will not close, apply oil to the O-ring guides. (see next FAQ)

  • What maintenance is required on a Talon Baton?

    To maintain your Talon Baton, you need to keep the O-ring guides well lubricated. Expand the Talon and hold the tip upward. Place a generous amount of lubricant (such as Break Free) into the joints between the end tube and middle tube as well as the middle tube and handle tube. Extend and close the baton several times to make sure the tubes are well lubricated. Wipe off the excess oil.

  • What do I do if my ASP scabbard holds the baton too loosely or too tightly?

    ASP scabbards can be adjusted to increase or decrease baton retention. To adjust the retention bar, rotate the back plate to access the hex key. Use the hex key to remove the screws from the back panel of the scabbard. Remove the retention bar. To create additional retention pressure on the baton, bend the retention bar to create more of a bow inside the body of the case. To reduce the retention pressure on the baton, flatten the bar to reduce contact inside the body of the case. Reassemble the back plate. Secure the panel using the back plate hex screws.



  • What makes ASP Ultra Cuffs so strong?

    Ultra Cuffs are the first forged aluminum, rigid frame restraint. The frame is forged from 7075 T6 ordnance grade aluminum and permanently joined by 4140 heat treated spiral locking pins.

  • What makes ASP handcuffs different from others on the market?

    ASP handcuffs were designed with an extraordinary level of input from the field. ASP Trainers surveyed Instructors and officers throughout the world, and incorporated the most desirable and demanded handcuff features into the design. Features like dual keyways, ensuring that a keyhole will always be facing the officer, no matter which way the cuffs are applied. And other features like one-direction unlock, high visibility double lock indicator, replaceable/interchangeable lock sets, and more.

  • What is the difference between a one pawl, two pawl and three pawl handcuff?

    All ASP lock sets are modular and replaceable, to allow rapid servicing and repair of worn handcuffs. Lock sets are color-coded in red (training), yellow (one pawl), blue (two pawl) or green (three pawl). Red training cuffs can be opened by rotating the subject’s wrists. One pawl cuffs are shim resistant. Two pawl restraints have a stainless steel center dividing plate, which makes picking of the cuffs virtually impossible (a special key is required to open these high-security cuffs). The key included with these restraints will also open all standard police handcuffs. Three pawl (European) lock sets are also resistant to shimming and picking.

  • How do you double lock ASP restraints?

    The double lock is engaged by using the pin of the handcuff key to slide the colored double lock bar into position. When the colored indicator is no longer visible, you know the cuff has been double locked.

  • How do I maintain my ASP restraints?

    ASP restraints should be inspected frequently to ensure proper function. They should be carried in a protective case to keep them free from dirt and debris. Should the handcuffs become contaminated with blood or other bodily fluids, use appropriate bleach solution or autoclave sterilization techniques. Avoid temperatures above 300°F (148.9°C). After sterilization, apply a small amount of silicone lubricant to the pivot pins, and wipe off excess.

  • What kind of handcuff training is available?

    ASP offers instructor certification programs at no charge, as a service to the law enforcement community. For a list of upcoming ASP Instructor Certification (AIC) programs, visit the AIC Class Schedule page.

  • What do I do if my handcuff will not unlock?

    If your handcuffs will not unlock, start by checking the color of the lock set. If the lock set is blue, it requires a special high security handcuff key. Make sure the key you are using is correct. If the lock set is yellow or green and will not unlock with a standard handcuff key, please contact us



  • Are ASP flashlights waterproof?

    ASP flashlights are O-ring sealed for a high level of water and weather-resistance, but they are not waterproof or intended for immersion/submersion.

  • What does the charging indicator light mean on my rechargeable light?

    When the light is attached to power and charging, it will blink red. It will turn a solid green once fully charged.

  • What are the ANSI FL1 Standards and all those icons about?

    The ANSI (American National Standards Institute) FL1 Standards are the criteria for measuring performance of portable lighting. The ASP website, packaging and flashlight information materials feature icons that indicate the lumens (total light output), run time, impact resistance and water resistance.

  • Is there a performance difference between the two “Dual Fuel” power sources?

    ASP rechargeable lights come with 18650 batteries, but can also be powered by two CR123A batteries (sold separately). CR batteries will produce greater lumen output, but shorter run time.

  • What kind of light training is available?

    ASP offers instructor certification programs at no charge, as a service to the law enforcement community. For a list of upcoming ASP Instructor Certification (AIC) programs, visit the AIC Class Schedule page.

  • My light doesn’t turn on, what should I do?

    Most ASP flashlights returned to us for repair need nothing more than fresh batteries. Before returning your light, check that the batteries are fresh and make sure they are installed correctly (positive terminals towards bezel). For USB models, make sure you are using an ASP 18650 battery, and that it is fully charged and installed correctly. Also ensure all connections are tight. If you have checked all of these things and your light still doesn’t work, please return the light to us with a description of the problem, your contact information and return address.

  • I lost/broke the pocket clip for my flashlight.

    Please contact us for a replacement.



  • What type of batteries are recommended for my ASP flashlight?

    ASP flashlights are designed to run on Lithium batteries, for maximum performance and shelf life. ASP produces high-performance CR123A Lithium primary. Our USB-rechargeable lights run on ASP Lithium-Ion 18650 rechargeable cells (included) or on CR123A batteries (sold separately).

  • What is a PTC protection circuit and why should I care?

    Lithium batteries are stable in a wide range of temperatures. However, when used in devices such as high energy flashlights with a high rate of discharge, internal cell heat can build up. In inferior batteries without protection circuits, this can result in explosive conditions. ASP batteries incorporate a Positive Thermal Coefficient (PTC) device and pressure relief vent. If an ASP battery short circuits or discharges at currents above its design limit, the PTC causes the cell’s internal resistance to increase, limiting the amount of current that can be drawn and keeping the internal cell temperature within safe limits.

  • Can I use an ASP 18650 rechargeable battery in other brands of flashlights?

    No. The ASP 18650 features a safety system that prevents the battery charging circuit from working with any other battery. Therefore, our 18650 will not work with non-ASP lights.

  • Can I use a non-ASP 18650 rechargeable battery in an ASP flashlight?

    No. See previous FAQ regarding our safety system.

  • Can I use any micro USB charger with my rechargeable ASP flashlight?

    Yes. ASP rechargeable lights use a standard, widely available micro USB charger

  • What happens if I plug a USB charger into my dual fuel flashlight with CR123A batteries inside?

    The safety circuit will prevent charging any batteries other than the proper ASP 18650 rechargeable, so the flashlight will not be damaged or present an improper charging danger.

Pepper Spray


  • What is oleoresin capsicum (OC)?

    Oleoresin Capsicum (OC) is a natural substance found in the oily resin of Cayenne and other varieties of peppers. OC particles in a sprayed mist are attracted to the eyes, mucous membranes and respiratory system. This incapacitates an attacker by inducing an immediate burning sensation and swelling of the eyes.

  • How powerful is ASP Pepper Spray?

    Peppers are measured in Scoville Heat Units (SHU). The higher the SHU, the hotter the pepper and greater the inflammatory capacity of the OC. ASP Pepper Spray has 2 million SHU and is extremely potent.

  • Can I practice using my OC Defender?

    Yes, but we don’t recommend doing so with the active Heat Canister—we offer an inert Test Canister specifically for this purpose. You should still treat your Defender like a weapon—avoid spraying anything in anyone’s face (including your own), unless you are defending against an attacker. And always double check that you have the right insert installed for the right purpose.

  • Is it legal for me to carry pepper spray?

    Possession or use of an ASP Defender may be regulated or prohibited by law in some jurisdictions. If there is any question, check with your local police department. Buyers are responsible for knowing and adhering to all laws that may apply to the products purchased. IMPORTANT: Pepper spray cannot be shipped to AK, DC, HI, MA or NY, or internationally. May be shipped to other locations via ground service only. If you are in a prohibited shipping location, click here to find your nearest ASP retailer.

  • How do I know when to change my insert, and why do I need to?

    Each Heat Insert has an expiration date marked on the gold ferrule by the white stem. Although the OC itself will not lose its potency, as with any aerosol product, it will lose pressure over time. For best results, we recommend replacing your Heat Insert once a year. Inserts should be disposed of in accordance with the environmental regulations in your area.

  • What is the safe temperature range in which to store my ASP Defender?

    Do not store your Defender in an environment where the temperature may exceed 120°F (50°C), such as an enclosed vehicle; the Heat OC Insert may leak from over-pressurization and fail to function properly. Do not store the unit in a cold environment under 32°F (0°C). This may cause depressurization and decrease the effective range.

  • Can I bring my ASP Defender on an airplane?

    According to FAA rules at the time of this writing, yes. A single ASP Defender is below the volume threshold and has the required safety features:  However, since FAA rules and regulations change regularly, we err on the safe side, by printing on our packaging that they are prohibited on commercial airlines. We suggest checking the TSA website before you travel.

  • What do I do after discharging my Defender?

    After firing your Defender, the insert should always be replaced—even if you don’t think you emptied it—as you won’t know how much remains. Carefully remove the used insert and discard in accordance with local regulations. After removing the used insert, unscrew the Defender nozzle tip and wash it thoroughly in warm, soapy water. Run hot water through the dispersion port to remove any remaining OC oils. Place the new Insert stem first into the Defender. Do not push on the Insert once it is inside the defender. Screw the cap into the body.

  • What do I do if I come in contact with OC?

    Remove contact lenses and contaminated clothing immediately. Flush the contaminated area with large quantities of cool water. Expose the affected region to fresh air. Wash hands, face and hair with soap and water to remove the Capsicum oils. Do not apply salves, creams, oils or lotions, as they can trap the irritant agent on the skin and result in blisters or burns. Continue washing with soap and water until the irritant oils are eliminated. Wash contaminated clothing. Consult a physician if irritation persists.

ASP Training

For more information, visit our Training Programs page.

  • What is the AIC Program?

    ASP Instructor Certification provides individuals with the skills necessary to train and certify officers in field use of the ASP Expandable Baton, Tactical Restraints and Performance Flashlights.

  • Do I have to pay for AIC Certification?

    No. Armament Systems and Procedures provides ASP Instructor Certification without charge to law enforcement personnel.

  • What requirements do I have to meet to attend an AIC class?

    An individual should be currently certified as an instructor within his/her agency, or have attended an ABC (ASP Basic Certification) course, prior to attending AIC training.

  • What will I be required to do during AIC Training?

    The program is a hands-on, intensely physical instructor training session. There is also classroom instruction that develops a conceptual framework for the use of force by law enforcement personnel.

  • By attending an AIC class, am I automatically certified?

    No. All ASP training is competency based. In fact, it is rare that all participants in a class are certified. This is one of the few training programs in the country in which attendance does not guarantee certification.

  • Who designed the ASP Instructor Certification Program?

    The core program is based upon principles developed by ASP CEO Dr. Kevin Parsons, an internationally-recognized and respected expert in use-of-force training. The program is continuously updated and refined based on instructor input and ASP Trainer Evaluations. 

  • What is the conceptual framework for ASP training?

    The ASP program uses the Confrontational Continuum as its model for the response of law enforcement personnel to the actions of an assailant.

  • Why are ASP techniques so effective?

    ASP training employs fundamental techniques which are trained to a level of competency. As a result, the program is easily mastered, readily retained and may be effectively implemented during even the most dynamic confrontation.

  • Is ASP training court defensible?

    Yes. No training program can assure that an agency will not be sued. However, field evaluations have demonstrated that ASP training reduces the number of injuries sustained by both officers and assailants, and reduces the number of lawsuits filed for excessive force. The ASP program is based upon extensive input from the nation's most senior police trial attorneys.

  • Who instructs the AIC program?

    ASP Instructor classes are conducted by Certified Trainers who have been selected as a result of their individual skill level and have received specialized instruction regarding  the technical and operational aspects of the ASP Baton, Tactical Restraints and Performance Flashlights.

  • If I've never instructed a class before, can I receive AIC Certification?

    Probably not. AIC training is designed for individuals who have either completed the ASP Basic Certification course or are already an instructor in another discipline. An individual with no background in defensive tactics or training will have difficulty mastering the skills necessary for AIC Certification during an ASP training course.

  • How do I register for an AIC Program?

    Click here for a list of upcoming AIC training sessions to register online. Individual agencies can also sponsor an AIC program. The procedures for conducting a training course are outlined in a manual that is available from ASP.

  • Can my agency sponsor AIC training?

    Yes. Armament Systems and Procedures will conduct an AIC program when a minimum of 15 agencies in a regional area request training. The class size is restricted to 50 individuals.

  • How do we schedule an AIC?

    Contact our Training Coordinator, or ask your ASP regional Director.

  • What should I do to prepare for my AIC training?

    Aerobic conditioning exercises including running, bicycling and swimming are excellent preparation for AIC training. Baton skills, flashlight skills, instructor training techniques and use of force concepts will be taught in the class.

  • What do I receive when I'm ASP Certified?

    ASP Instructors are awarded a certificate, identification card, the distinctive Instructor Strike Force lapel pin and an Instructor challenge coin.

  • Do I have to pay for a yearly update to stay certified?

    No. There is no charge for ASP training. The frequency of recertification is based upon the agency's perception of instructor competency, rather than a defined time frame.

  • Is my certification revoked if my agency purchases a competitive product?

    No. There is no connection between ASP training and product sales.

  • Do I have to pay the company to certify my officers?

    No. ASP has no requirements for officer certification payment.

  • Do I have to order my training materials from ASP?

    An ASP Basic Certification (ABC) package is available. It includes a lapel pin, mouth guard, identification card, certificate, ABC Training Manual, information sheet and training critique. The package is sold at a minimal charge to cover costs. However, for those agencies that do not wish to use the package, ASP will provide the training protocol - which the agency may duplicate freely - at no charge.

  • As in AIC Instructor, who am I certified to train?

    ASP Instructors can train field level personnel through the ASP Basic Certification Program (ABC).

  • Is there a training level beyond AIC?

    Yes. Individuals who are certified to train instructors are classified as ASP Instructor Trainers. There are 100 of these positions worldwide. Each has been selected through a rigorous screening process, and then must complete a grueling ASP Trainer Certification (ATC) course. Of those who seek ATC Certification, fewer than 3% achieve the rating.

  • Why does ASP do AIC and ATC training at no charge?

    Armament Systems and Procedures feels that it has a corporate responsibility to the law enforcement personnel that it serves, to provide quality training in the use of its products. The use of force is perhaps the most significant single issue faced by modern police agencies. By "giving back" to the profession that it deals with on a day-to-day basis, ASP feels that it is helping to achieve its corporate goal of "protecting those who protect."


Learn more about ASP here.

  • How do I purchase ASP products outside of the United States?

    ASP has distributors and dealers around the world. Check out our Dealer Locator to find one in your area.

  • How do I become an ASP dealer?

    If you are interested in becoming an ASP dealer please contact us.

  • What types of law enforcement training does ASP conduct?

    There are three tiers of ASP certification: ASP Basic Certification (ABC) is the training our Instructors provide directly to law enforcement officers and agencies. ASP Instructor Certification (AIC) is designed to train the Instructors how to teach the Basic course. And finally, ASP Trainer Certification (ATC) is the “top of the pyramid”, qualifying candidates to become AIC trainers. Both ASP Instructor Certification and ASP Trainer Certification are provided by Armament Systems and Procedures at no charge. For more information, or to participate in an ASP training program, contact your authorized ASP Distributor, regional Sales Director, or contact us directly.


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